Human Trafficking Victim Protection Act (SB327, HB266; 2011)
The Act authorizes a person convicted of prostitution to vacate the judgement on the grounds of human trafficking. It provides for the expungement of records relating to the prostitution charge. The offender may provide restitution to the victim for expenses occurred as a result of the crime.
Children in Need of Assistance and Child Abuse and Neglect – Sexual Abuse – Definition (HB860, SB1082; 2012)
The bill alters the definition of “sexual abuse” to include actions relating to human trafficking, obscene material, pornography, and prostitution.
Family Law – Preventing or Interfering with Report of Suspected Child Abuse or Neglect (SB534, HB631; 2013)
With the passage of this bill, intentionally preventing or interfering with the making of a report of suspected child abuse or neglect is guilty of a misdemeanor and can be subjected to five years in prison and/or up to a $10,000 fine. It also requires that mandatory reporters employed by the State, who suspect or have reason to believe that child abuse or neglect has occurred, report their suspicions to the local department or law enforcement agency.
Criminal Law – Human Trafficking – Affirmative Defense (SB0520, HB0456; 2015)
This bill allows for affirmative defense of duress if the defendant who committed the act as a result of being a victim of another person who has been charged with human trafficking. If a person has been trafficked and commits a crime under that duress, the defense can be used if notice is given to the State’s Attorney within 10 days prior to trial.
Education – Sexual Abuse and Assault Awareness and Prevention Program – Development and Implementation (Erin’s Law) (HB72; 2016)
Erin’s Law requires the State Board of Education and certain nonpublic schools to develop and implement age appropriate programs designed to prevent child sexual abuse and child sexual assault.
Such a program provides children in grades pre-K-12 grade with preventative strategies and will give them the tools and language necessary to report potential abuse. It also helps to increase awareness among parents and guardians, making them better able to identify signs of child sexual abuse. Additionally, the Law provides caregivers with needed assistance, referral or resource information to support sexually abused children and their families.
Family Law-Child Abuse and Neglect-Definitions (HB1263, SB996; 2017)
This bill alters the definition of “abuse” include the physical or mental injury of a child by a person who, because of the person’s position or occupation, exercises authority over the child under certain circumstances. (HB 1263, Chapter 651, 2017)
Child Abuse-Sex Trafficking (Protecting Victims of Sex Trafficking Act of 2017)
The Protecting Victims of Sex Trafficking Act of 2017 changes the definition of “sexual abuse” in law relating to child abuse to include the sex trafficking of a child by any individual. This bill also defines the terms “sexual molestation or exploitation” and “sex trafficking”.